Regulation of financial disciplines in bilateral parliamentary system (A comparative study)
2015, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 130-187
AbstractThe financial terms of reference of the most important disciplines enjoyed by the Parliament as it derives its existence from the base does not tax without representation, and this rule demonstrate the Parliament link financial laws, so constitutions provide for the right of Parliament in the executive institution in how to collect the money control and disbursed by the adoption of the state budget which must be submitted to parliament recognizes by him and so that he can monitor how the state for resources and ways of spending, as well as tax and other financial matters Organization State or related to public affairs such as loans report.
If the bilateral parliamentary system worthy of constitutional recognition and regulation of the legal, the goal envisaged by the research are: identify the legal principles that regulate the financial terms of reference between the two dual legislatures control, as subject is of great importance in light of the changes and transformations that have taken place in Iraq, which epitomized the transition from simple State to the Federal State, and the transformation of the PLC system to individual bilateral parliamentary system .
In order to achieve this goal and to take aspects of the issue divided the research on the three sections and a conclusion, we have dedicated the first to study the organization of the terms of reference the two chambers to approve the state budget, and Pena in the second regulate the terms of reference chambers in taxes, and we discussed in the third organization of the terms of reference chambers in public loans, we have followed in our study analytical methodology of the study, which was limited to the comparison of the Iraqi basic Law for the year 1925, and the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq for the year 2005, with comparative models constitutionality of the boss, is the Constitution of the United States, issued in 1787, and the Constitution of the Swiss Confederation in 2000 and in force.
The Esteban us as a result of the research that constitutions in the study tended to involve the Houses of Parliament in the exercise of financial disciplines, with a mile each to tip the People's Councils, except the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq for the year 2005 which was organized by a minor for that matter, so we deposited finale search results that we have reached the proposals, which focused on some of the amendments to the legal provisions contained within the search terms and hope of the Iraqi legislature to take them.
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